IELTS Task 2

Vocabulary + Essay Sentences

IELTS ESSAY TOPICS DR VISHAL GOYAL

IeltsVishal.com

Technology 16 Topics with Vocabulary + Essay Sentences

1. Some people think that the modern communication technology has a negative impact on social relationships.

To what extent do you agree or disagree with this?



2. We are becoming increasingly dependent on computer-based technology.

How do you think it will change in the future?

Is it good for us to rely so much on computers?



3. Life was better when technology was simpler.

To what extent do you agree and disagree?





4. Early technological developments helped ordinary people and changed their lives more than recent developments.

To what extent do you agree or disagree




5. When a country develops its technology, the traditional skills and ways of life die out. It is pointless to try and keep them alive.

Do you agree and disagree with this statement?






6. Some people say that computers have made life easier and more convenient. Other people say that computers have made life more complex and stressful.

What is your opinion? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.





7. Using a computer every day can have more negative than positive effects on your children.

Do you agree or disagree?




8. School children are becoming far too dependent on computers. This is having an alarming effect on reading and writing skills. Teachers need to avoid using computers in the classroom at all costs and go back to teaching basic study skills.

Do you agree or disagree?



9. Is it good for children to start using computers from an early age and spend long hours on them?

Discuss the advantages and disadvantages.



10. As computers are being used more and more in education, there will be soon no role for teachers in the classroom.

To what extent do you agree?



11. Some people think that young people can learn useful skills by playing electronic and computer games. Others argue that people who play electronic and computer games are wasting their time.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.



12. Computer games are very popular for all ages and nationalities. Parents think this has little educational value and it will be harmful for children.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?





13. Some say that the internet is making the world smaller by bringing people together.

To what extent do to you agree that the internet is making it easier for people to communicate with one another.



14. Beside a lot of advantages, some people believe that the Internet creates many problems.

To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?




15.There have been many inventions in human history, such as the wheel. Some people think the most important thing is the internet.

To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?




16. Nowadays, for many people, the Internet is replacing regular books.

What do you think will happen in the future and what is your opinion about this trend?


Essay Vocabulary

1

Affect

Quality, decisions, behaviour, life

Essay Sentence:

The excessive use of the internet negatively affects youngsters' behaviour in the family and society.

2

Conduct

Debate, examination, experiment, research, survey

Essay Sentence:

According to an ICFA study, excessive internet use has a negative impact on children's social conduct.

3

Discuss

Idea, issue, matter, problem, situation

Essay Sentence:

The benefits and drawbacks of technological advancements will be discussed/ examined in the following paragraphs.

4

Encounter

Difficulty, opposition, problem, situation

Essay Sentence:

Young children who are usually addicted to their electronics have problems with their relationships with others.

5

Limit

Ability, access, choice, growth, unemployment, use

Essay Sentence:

Parents can safeguard their children from cyber-abuse by limiting their access to the internet.

6

Transform

Life, economy, city

Essay Sentence:

Modern technology is transforming economies around the globe.


7

Considerable

Advantage, effort, improvement, pressure, progress

Essay Sentence:

The rise of artificial intelligence has resulted in a considerable increase in unemployment, particularly among low-wage workers.

8

Daily

Activity, basis, diet, routine, life

Essay Sentence:

The development of technology has tremendous impacts on people's daily lives.

9

Emotional

Attachment, impact, needs, state, support

Essay Sentence:

There are numerous flaws in computer-based education, including its failure to address students' emotional needs.


10

Fast

Fast-paced society, development, food, friends, growth, learners, speed

Essay Sentence:

Modern technology has made its position in a fast-paced society.


11

Important

Aspects, differences, issues, role

Essay Sentence:

Excellence in the field of technology plays an important part in the overall development of a country.


12

Modern

Age, art, era, people, society, life

Essay Sentence:

In modern life, mobile phones have become a necessity.


13

Remarkable

Achievement, discovery, improvement, performance, tolerance, tribute

Essay Sentence:

E-books have become a favourite of young learners because of their ability to teach a subject through pictures and videos.

14

Young

Age, children, couples, generation, offenders, people

Essay Sentence:

Instead of spending quality time with their families, young children choose to spend the majority of their time on their phones.


15

Innovative

Approach, idea, solution, suggestion, technique, method, technology

Essay Sentence:

Online education is a positive development for both teachers and students who adopt this innovative change.


16

Traditional

Approach, family, medicine, method, role, society, style, value, view, way

Essay Sentence:

Educationists are now speculating about the Internet's potential to replace traditional schools.


Vocabulary for IELTS

ADJECTIVES

existing technology

state-of-the-art technology

modern technology

new technology

advanced technology

complex technology

high technology

basic technology

innovative technology

efficient technology

digital technology

up-to-date technology

internet technology

computer technology

information technology

management technology

nuclear technology

production technology

space technology

gaming technology

software technology

current technology

wireless technology

educational technology

environmental technology

medical technology

cutting-edge technology

high-tech technology

computer age

wireless internet

digital computer

portable computer

computer buff

powerful computer

laptop

computer device

electronic device

computer software

computer fatigue

desktop pc

personal computer


VERBS

to access website/email

to boot up

to crash

to stay up to date

to develop

to install software

to sign up

to sign off

to sign in

to log in

to log out

to take advantage of

to create

to improve

to load website

to browse websites

to bookmark a web page

to go online

to download

to surf the web

to upgrade

to cut and paste

to back up files


NOUNS

a technophile

operating system

internet security

digital editing

social media

wireless network

word processing

video conferencing

a gadget

Internet access

Internet fraud

Internet link

Internet broadcast

Internet shopping

Internet user

websites

Internet expert

Internet business

Internet security

game changer

operating system

cutting-edge

digital editing

an indispensable part

large screen

use a search engine

to click on an icon

keep a hard copy

social media

wifi hotpots

word processing

automation

connection

innovation

up-to-date

computer literate

user friendly

greatest invention

emerging technology

predict weather and natural calamities

easiest and cheapest way

glued to screen

shop online

fast and easy

to upgrade computer system

pros and cons

to store massive data

international calls

read newspaper online

discussion forum online

the most wonderful gift

more dependency on computer

valuable information

enables to keep in touch with

social networking sites

make life more comfortable

email/online chatting/voice mail/video chat

greater accessibility

electronic data management

job interview/conference/online class

great means of communication

blessing of modern science

to face health problems

online marketing/banking

video conferencing

negative impact on social interaction

unreliable online information

to enter a web address

too much addicted to computer games

to make education accessible to countryside students

becoming machine dependent

physically disable

source of information storage

Environment 6 Topics with Vocabulary + Essay Sentences


1. The increase in the production of consumer goods results in damage to the natural environment.

What are the causes of this?

What can be done to solve this problem?


2. Nowadays environmental problems are too big to be managed by individual persons or individual countries. In other words, it is an international problem.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?


3. Most people do not care enough about environmental issues.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?


4. Problems with environmental pollution have become so serious that many countries are trying to solve these problems.

Suggest possible solutions and give your own opinion.


5. Some people say that the main environmental problem of our time is the loss of particular species of plants and animals. Others say that there are more important environmental problems.

Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.



6. Scientists believe that the world is in danger due to environmental changes. Some people say that personal lifestyle changes should be made to reduce the damage to environment, while others think that the government should do something to help.

Discuss both views and give your own opinion.


Essay Vocabulary


1

Address

Subject, matter, problem, issue

Essay Sentence:

To prevent additional climatic damage, the problem of environmental deterioration must be addressed at the earliest.


2

Ban

Drugs, poaching, weapons, advertising

Essay Sentence:

A stricter ban on poaching might save many species of animals from becoming extinct.

If poaching continues at its current rate for the next several years, several animal species will become extinct.


3

Destroy

Ecosystem, forest, hope, industry, life

Essay Sentence:

The emission of harmful gases is rapidly destroying the Earth’s atmosphere, causing unpredictable climatic conditions.

4

Fulfil

Ambition, demand, desire, dream, expectation

Essay Sentence:

The rising demand for power will not be met unless sufficient attention is paid to the promotion of renewable energy supplies.

5

Pose

Danger, problem, risk, threat

Essay Sentence:

Pollution is a severe threat to both the environment and life on the planet.


6

Current

State, condition, affairs, issues, news stories, operations, policy, trends

Essay Sentence:

It is undeniable that industrialised and wealthy countries are to blame for the current state of our ecosystem.


7

Environmental

Activist, awareness, change, damage, problem, study

Essay Sentence:

To begin with, taking public transportation helps save the environment.

8

Final

Approval, decision, product

Essay Sentence:

The final solution is to initiate public awareness campaigns about environmental damage.

9

Stressful

Activity, occupation

Essay Sentence:

Successful people usually have the ability to work in a hard-working, stressful and ever-changing environment.

10

Social

Awareness, background, development, justice, responsibility, life, media

Essay Sentence:

To address the issues of corruption/water scarcity/environmental harm, the government and individuals must collaborate to raise social awareness.


Vocabulary for IELTS

ADJECTIVES

friendly environment

stimulating environment

coastal environment

pleasant environment

favourable environment

economic environment

financial environment

cold environment

urban environment

clean environment

healthy environment

natural environment


VERBS

to exhaust fumes

to die out

to explore

to create

to litter

to protect

to become extinct

to preserve

to pollute

to improve

to adapt to

to get back to nature

to damage

to have an impact on

to be under threat

to use alternative energy resources

to dry up


NOUNS

pollution level

natural habitat

toxic waste

air quality

ecosystem

vegetation

soil erosion

recycle things

rain forest

energy conservation

environmentalists

heavy industry

loss of habitat

climate change

man-made disasters

environmentally friendly

the natural world

natural disaster

endangered species

acid rain

green belt

global warming

flash floods

wildlife conservation

future generation

fossil fuels

deforestation

greenhouse effect

melting of glaciers

chemical and industrial waste


PHRASES

conservation/protection of the environment

harmful to the environment

damage to the environment

emission of gases from cars and motorbikes

Society 7 Topics with Vocabulary + Essay Sentences

1. The problem with society today is that it is essentially unbalanced, with some people being paid huge salaries to work very long hours, whilst others do not have a job and have too much time on their hands. There is no middle ground.

Do you agree or disagree?

2. When a traveler enters a new culture they should follow the social norms of that culture as closely as they can.

To what extent do you agree?

3. People who have original ideas are of much greater value to society than those who are simply able to copy the ideas of others well.

To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?



4. Some people believe that society is becoming less friendly these days.

Why do you think this might be? Suggest some ways in which this can be reversed.



5. People have historically attempted to achieve a perfect society. However, it is difficult to decide what a perfect society would be like. What would be the most important element of an ideal society?

What can normal people do to make society more perfect?



6. Throughout history, people have dreamed of living in a perfect society, but they have not agreed on what an ideal society would be like.

Why do you think is the most important element of a perfect society in the modern world?

How can people work towards achieving an ideal society?



7. Is freedom of speech necessary in a free society?

To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?


Essay Vocabulary


1

Affect

Quality, decisions, behaviour, life

Essay Sentence:

The excessive use of the internet negatively affects youngsters' behaviour in the family and society.


2

Achieve

Success, goal, target, aim, growth

Essay Sentence:

Most people have to work day in and day out to achieve success in their career.

3

Curb

A problem, emission, attempt, growth

Essay Sentence:

To address the problem of illiteracy, more effective policymaking is required.

4

Encounter

Difficulty, opposition, problem, situation

Essay Sentence:

Young children who are usually addicted to their electronics have problems with their relationships with others.


5

Provide

Education, teaching, training, accommodation, service, opportunity, platform

Essay Sentence:

A civilised society can not be formed until all of its members are completely safe from crime.

6

Daily

Activity, basis, diet, routine, life

Essay Sentence:

The development of technology has tremendous impacts on people's daily lives.


7

Current

State, condition, affairs, issues, news stories, operations, policy, trends

Essay Sentence:

It is undeniable that industrialised and wealthy countries are to blame for the current state of our ecosystem.


8

Effective

Communication, interaction, means, methods, solutions

Essay Sentence:

The most common view is that imprisonment is the most effective solution to the problem of crime.


9

Final

Approval, decision, product

Essay Sentence:

The final solution is to initiate public awareness campaigns about environmental damage.


10

Fast

Fast-paced society, development, food, friends, growth, learners, speed

Essay Sentence:

Modern technology has made its position in a fast-paced society.


11

Local

Shops, area, authorities, community, government, newspapers, people, companies

Essay Sentence:

Due to the fact that consumers prefer to purchase at malls, the number of small local shops has decreased in recent years.


12

Moral

Education, duty, issues, value, responsibility, obligation, lessons

Essay Sentence:

Moral education, in my opinion, should become an integral part of modern education.


13

Useful

Advice, information, source, application

Essay Sentence:

Becoming a useful citizen of society is a milestone in a student's life.


Vocabulary for IELTS

ADJECTIVES

low-class society

modern society

civil society

middle-class society

high-class society

traditional society

democratic society

divided society

civilized society

multicultural society

cultural society

religious society

developed society

western society

industrial society

developing society

interconnected society


VERBS

to build

to join

to form

to create

to fit into

found

to start

to become a member of

to belong to

to shape

to set up

to establish


PHRASES

antisocial behaviour

debatable issue

an outcast from/of society

the fabric of society

the structure of a society

society at large

the backbone/a pillar of society

social discrimination

a member of society

your place/rank in society

society as a whole

a cross-section of society

Entertainment 6 Topics with Vocabulary + Essay Sentences

1. Professional sportsmen and sportswomen and professional entertainers can often command enormous salaries today and this situation reflects society’s dependence on being entertained.

To what extent do you agree or disagree with this?



2. Some people believe that television is a powerful educational tool. Other people believe that television is nothing more than mindless entertainment and should be discouraged.

To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?

Discuss both views and give your own opinion. Provide examples and supporting evidences to back up your opinion on this subject.



3. It is believed that books have been losing popularity throughout the passing years. Other sources of information such as the Internet are rapidly replacing the old-fashioned books. Some say that this situation could have serious consequences.

To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?


4. Many people believe that music is just a form of entertainment, whilst others believe that music has a much larger impact on society today.

Discuss both views and give your own opinion.




5. Some people opine that entertainment or leisure activities should be subsidized by the government.

To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?



6. Some people say that all popular TV entertainment programmes should aim to educate viewers about important social issues.

To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?


Essay Vocabulary


1

Psychological

Benefits, disorders, harm, problems, stress

Essay Sentence:

The role of the arts in modern life is to entertain people with psychological benefits, such as relief from stress.


2

Rapid

Decline, growth, improvement, increase, rate, rise

Essay Sentence:

Air travel has become a cost-effective means of transportation due to the rapid development of the freight-transport business.


Vocabulary for IELTS

ADJECTIVES

light entertainment

incoherent entertainment

family entertainment

musical entertainment

popular entertainment

overrated entertainment

infinite entertainment


NOUNS

entertainment business

entertainment venue

entertainment world

entertainment industry

healing music

catchy tunes

pop music

never get old

addicted

fascinated

jazz music

enjoyment

classical music

regularly

orchestra

relaxation tools

comedian

entrance

performance

magazine

extra-curricular activity

concerts allow people to connect

live concert/show/performance

audience booed and hissed

rapturous applause

a standing ovation

appeals to different generations/young people

a family friendly event


VERBS

to provide

to go to an exhibition

to create global communities

to chill out

to comprise

to offer

to lay on

to put on

to go to a circus

to participate

to go to the theatre

to play the games

to watch the performance/acts


PHRASES

a place of entertainment

a form of entertainment

Education 8 Topics with Vocabulary + Essay Sentences

1. Some believe that money for education should mainly be spent on better computers while others believe it would be better spent on teachers.

Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

2. Some people believe that a college or university education should be available to all students. Others believe that higher education should be available only to good students.

Discuss these views. Which view do you agree with? Explain why.


3. Education is not a luxury, but a basic human right and as such should be free for everyone irrespective of personal wealth.

Do you agree or disagree?

4. Some people say that the education system is the only critical factor in the development of a country.

To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?


5. Writing, reading, maths are the three recognized traditional subjects. Computer skills should be the fourth largest branch.

Do you agree or disagree?


6. Should students pay for their own university education, or should the government provide it for free?

To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?



7. All education (primary, secondary and further education) should be free to all people and paid and managed by the government.

Do you agree or disagree with this statement?


8. Some universities offer online courses as an alternative to classes delivered on campus.

Do you think this is a positive or negative development?


Essay Vocabulary

1

Attain

Status, degree, position, goal

Essay Sentence:

A university degree does not guarantee a high-paying job in the real world.


2

Curb

A problem, emission, attempt, growth

Essay Sentence:

To address the problem of illiteracy, more effective policy making is required.


3

Follow

Advice, guidelines, instructions, patterns, rules

Essay Sentence:

Unlike distance learning, students at schools are required to observe the rules set forth by their teachers.


4

Accurate

Academic demand, description, information, method

Essay Sentence:

It is the primary responsibility of schools to pay close attention to accurate academic demands in order to improve the syllabus that pupils find difficult to understand.

5

Complex

Issue, problem, process, relationship, structure, system

Essay Sentence:

The book explains complicated concepts in an easy-to-understand manner.

6

Emotional

Attachment, impact, needs, state, support

Essay Sentence:

There are numerous flaws in computer-based education, including its failure to address students' emotional needs.

7

Favourite

Colour, food, music, pastime, place, restaurant, song, story, subject

Essay Sentence:

Students who simply study their favourite subjects can save a significant amount of money because they do not need to spend money on purchasing books on other subjects.

8

Innovative

Approach, idea, solution, suggestion, technique, method, technology

Essay Sentence:

Online education is a positive development for both teachers and students who adopt this innovative change.


9

Moral

Education, duty, issues, value, responsibility, obligation, lessons

Essay Sentence:

Moral education, in my opinion, should become an integral part of modern education.


10

Practical

Approach, experience, problem, reality, solution

Essay Sentence:

Lessons taught by friends to a youngster are more practical and personal than the lessons taught by parents.

It is practically proven that fast food and processed food lack vitamins and can cause obesity.


11

Relevant

Data, documents, information, qualifications

Essay Sentence:

It is a fact that it is impossible to become a doctor without a relevant degree.


12

Remarkable

Achievement, discovery, improvement, performance, tolerance, tribute

Essay Sentence:

E-books have become a favourite of young learners because of their ability to teach a subject through pictures and videos.


13

Sufficient

Knowledge, funds, protection, reason, support, time, understanding

Essay Sentence:

I agree with people who feel that schools are the places where pupils are provided with sufficient knowledge and useful social skills.


14

Traditional

Approach, family, medicine, method, role, society, style, value, view, way

Essay Sentence:

Educationists are now speculating about the Internet's potential to replace traditional schools.


15

Useful

Advice, information, source, application

Essay Sentence:

Becoming a useful citizen of society is a milestone in a student's life.


Vocabulary for IELTS

ADJECTIVES

single-sex school

co-ed school

all boys school

all girls school

formal education

vocational education

religious education

compulsory education

private education

primary education

higher education

tertiary education

pre-school education

poor education

good education

online education

onsite classes

one-to-one learning

digital learning

smart classes

smart/digital board

quick learning


VERBS

to provide education

to continue education / studies

to complete education

to receive education

to apply for a course

to earn a university degree

to get a Masters

to do a Doctorate (Phd)

to graduate from university

to finish education

to leave studies

to give education

to have education

to go to school

to attend school

to take part in extra-curricular activities

to sit an exam

(I am planning to sit IELTS next month.)

to take an exam

to resit an exam

(I hope not to resit IELTS.)

to retake an exam

to pass an exam/test

to fail an exam

to be qualified

to leave school


NOUNS

education campaign

education project

education department

education programme

education sector

education resources

education scheme

education class

education course

education authority

education policy

education reform

Health 6 Topics with Vocabulary + Essay Sentences

1. Despite huge improvements in healthcare, the overall standard of physical health in many developed countries is now falling.

What could be the reason for this trend, and what can be done to reverse it?

2. Some people say that the best way to improve public health is by increasing the number of sports facilities. Others, however, say that this would have little effect on public health and that other measures are required.

Discuss both these views and give your opinion.


3. Many people believe that every individual is responsible for his/ her own healthy lifestyle. Others believe that governments should take care of it.

Discuss both the views and give your own opinion.


4. In some countries the average weight of people is increasing and their levels of health and fitness are decreasing.

What do you think are the causes of these problems and what measures could be taken to solve this ?


5. Some people believe that it is the responsibility of individuals to take care of their own health and diet. Others however believe that governments should make sure that their citizens have a healthy diet.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.



6. Many think that in today’s world it is very difficult for people to maintain a healthy lifestyle. Others, however, feel that it is easy for people to be healthy and fit if they want to be.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.


Essay Vocabulary

1

Enhance

Environment, performance, quality, value

Essay Sentence:

Performance-enhancing medications, which are illegal in many countries, are used by some athletes.


2

Increase

Amount, capacity, chance, demand, sales, share, tax

Essay Sentence:

In the coming months, the number of Corona cases is projected to rise.


3

Impose

Ban, deadline, fine, punishment, restriction, tax

Essay Sentence:

The government can help improve public health by prohibiting the sale of tobacco products entirely.


4

Lose

Hope, interest, job, opportunity, temper, chance, confidence

Essay Sentence:

After a long period of addiction, most addicts lose interest in life and commit suicide.


5

Pose

Danger, problem, risk, threat

Essay Sentence:

Pollution is a severe threat to both the environment and life on the planet.


6

Promote

Health, change, education, ideas, welfare

Essay Sentence:

Parents should encourage their children to eliminate their dependence on junk foods in order to promote their health.


7

Reduce

Budget, cost, crime, demand, pollution, risk, tax, tension

Essay Sentence:

Limiting junk food consumption can assist to lower the risk of heart disease.


8

Spend

Day, money, time, amount, funds, weekend

Essay Sentence:

The funds allocated to improve the health-care system should be spent wisely.


9

Set

Example, target, fire, date, goal, record, task

Essay Sentence:

The rising number of Corona cases is setting new records every day.

10

Supply

Energy, food, power, water, electricity

Essay Sentence:

Arrangements should be made to ensure that necessary items, such as food, are delivered to the poor in a timely manner.


11

Take

Responsibility, action, chance, breath, risk, role

Essay Sentence:

To solve the issue of a failing health system, immediate action is required.


12

Understand

Meaning, problem, process, idea

Essay Sentence:

The world now has a better understanding of the Coronavirus situation.

13

Crucial

Decision, issue, role, step

Essay Sentence:

The intake of a balanced diet is crucial to children's physical health and emotional well-being.


14

Daily

Activity, basis, diet, routine, life

Essay Sentence:

The development of technology has tremendous impacts on people's daily lives.


15

Healthy

Diet, body, environment

Essay Sentence:

People's physical and psychological well-being can be improved by adopting a healthy lifestyle and having positive attitudes regarding life.

Due to the harmful nature of many popular fast-food menu items, over intake can contribute to obesity.

Fast food can increase a person's risk of weight gain and other health issues.


16

Negative

Aspect, consequence, effect, feedback, publicity, reaction, result, side

Essay Sentence:

It is undeniable that the use of computers has a negative effect on children's physical and mental development.


17

Parental

Duty, guidance, involvement, role, support

Essay Sentence:

An obvious solution to the problem of children's poor eating habits is parental guidance.


18

Permanent

Residents, property damage, employment, jobs, address

Essay Sentence:

Permanent residents of many developed nations are provided with healthcare free of charge.


19

Serious

Concern, effect, issue, problem, threat, accident

Essay Sentence:

Loud noise in the cities sometimes leads to mental health problems for urban citizens.

20

Typical

Diet, weather

Essay Sentence:

My typical diet consists of fruits and vegetables.


Vocabulary for IELTS

ADJECTIVES and IDIOMS

perfect health

excellent health

bad health

mental health

good health

health issues/problems

healthy lifestyle

a balanced/healthy diet

health and safety

minerals/vitamins/proteins

a check-up

diabetes

regular exercise

aches and pains

obesity

a sore throat

consultant

overweight/unfit

good shape

cuts and bruises (minor Injuries)

a heavy cold

holistic/conventional medicine

welfare state

surgeon

painkillers

as fit as a fiddle

alive and kicking

dietary habits

a chesty cough

diagnose

overeating

allergy

recovery

treatment

a runny nose

operation

eating disorder

prescription charges


VERBS

to pull a muscle

to lose consciousness

to prevent from diseases

to go down with a cold

to black out

to be at death's door

to catch a cold

to make an appointment

to be under the weather

to have a tooth out

to have a good work out

to feel pain

to feel poorly

to go private

to be on the mend

to make a speedy recovery

to look after your health

Animals 8 Topics with Vocabulary + Essay Sentences

1. Many people believe that zoos have no purpose in today’s world and should be closed. What problems do zoos bring?

What are the alternatives to zoos if they are closed?



2. Some people think that resources should be spent on protecting wild animals, while others think those would be better used for the human population.

Discuss both sides and give your own opinion.




3. Many people support use of animals for testing medicines for humans. Others believe it isn’t appropriate to use animals for such experiments.

Discuss both views and give your own opinion.



4. Wild animals have no place in the 21st century, so protecting them is a waste of resources.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?


5. A growing number of people feel that animals should not be exploited by people and that they should have the same rights as humans, while others argue that humans must employ animals to satisfy their various needs, including uses for food and research.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.



6. In the modern world it is no longer necessary to use animals for food, clothing or medicine.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?




7. Examine the arguments in favour and against animal experiments, and come to a conclusion on this issue.




8. Scientists use living animal to carry out research. Some people think it is interesting, while some other people think it is cruel. What is your opinion?


Essay Vocabulary


1

Ban

Drugs, poaching, weapons, advertising

Essay Sentence:

A stricter ban on poaching might save many species of animals from becoming extinct.

If poaching continues at its current rate for the next several years, several animal species will become extinct.


2

Gain

Experience, knowledge, opportunity, qualification, attention

Essay Sentence:

The majority of poaching is done for monetary gain all over the world.

3

Perform

Duty, role, experiment, dance, function, ritual, task

Essay Sentence:

It should be made illegal to perform scientific tests on humans that have catastrophic results.

4

Predict

Outcome, result, success, change

Essay Sentence:

Global warming has an easy-to-predict outcome.


Vocabulary for IELTS

ADJECTIVES

domestic animal

wild animal

endangered animal

zoo animal

farm animal

tamed animal

social animal

forest animals

dangerous animals

domesticated animals

extinct animal

stray animal

land animal

feathered animals

companionable animal

interesting animals

numerous animals

special animal

family-friendly animal

kindhearted animal

cold-blooded animal

caged animal

living animal

marine animal

rare animal

roaming animals


VERBS

to tame animals

to train animals

to keep animals

to raise animals

to have animals

to rear animals

to hunt animals

to breed animals

to neglect an animal

to trap animals

to prey animals

to rescue animals

to curb loneliness

to entertain animals

to treat animals kindly

be responsible for an animal


NOUNS

animal behavior

animal lover

animal rights

animal products

animal shelter

animal life

animal species

animal fat

animal testing

animal instinct

animal keeper

birds signify freedom

house-trained

buffaloes signify strength

experiment on animals

the animal kingdom/world

fur (animal hair)

well-hedged

zoos pose a risk

dogs signify loyalty

curious and amazing creatures

on the brink of extinction

a wide range of animals

Unemployment 6 Topics with Vocabulary + Essay Sentences

1. Unemployment remains the biggest challenge to school-leavers in most countries.

How far do you agree with this assessment? What other challenges face young people today?


2. In many countries more and more young people are leaving school but unable to find jobs. What problems do you think youth unemployment causes for individuals and the society?

What measures should be taken to reduce the level of unemployment among youngsters?

3. Unemployment is one of the most serious problems facing developed nations today.

What are the advantages and/or disadvantages of reducing the working week to thirty five hours?

4. Unemployment is getting increasingly serious in many countries. Some people think students only need to get primary education, while others think secondary education is necessary.

What’s your opinion?

5. Nowadays many people choose to be self-employed, rather than to work for a company or organization.

Why might this be the case?

What could be the disadvantages of being self-employed?


6. In countries where there is high unemployment, most pupils should be offered only primary education. There is no point in offering secondary education to those who will have no hope of finding a job.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?


Essay Vocabulary

1

Considerable

Advantage, effort, improvement, pressure, progress

Essay Sentence:

The rise of artificial intelligence has resulted in a considerable increase in unemployment, particularly among low-wage workers.


2

Attain

Status, degree, position, goal

Essay Sentence:

A university degree does not guarantee a high-paying job in the real world.


3

Adopt

Plan, idea, policy, method, strategy

Essay Sentence:

The strategy for addressing India's unemployment problem needs to be revised.


4

Meet

Deadline, friends, requirements, target, challenge

Essay Sentence:

No career ambition can be realised without meeting a deadline.


5

Earn

Income, salary, wage, money, livelihood

Essay Sentence:

One-third of India's population earns less than the minimum wage.


6

Offer

Choice, help, job, money, discounts, service

Essay Sentence:

Unemployment creates compelling circumstances in which job seekers are ready to offer their services for lower wages.

7

Maintain

Standard of living, interest, momentum, position, quality, balance, relationship, tradition

Essay Sentence:

Unpredictable inflation has made it difficult for people to maintain their quality of living in modern times.


8

Criminal

Activities, behaviour, penalty, record

Essay Sentence:

People who do not have enough money to make ends meet may be tempted to engage in criminal activities.


9

Daily

activity, basis, diet, routine, life

Essay Sentence:

The development of technology has tremendous impacts on people's daily lives.


10

International

Travel, business, competition, market, standards, airport, language, tourism

Essay Sentence:

International travel opens doors to new business opportunities all across the world.


11

Stressful

Activity, occupation

Essay Sentence:

Successful people usually have the ability to work in a hard-working, stressful and ever-changing environment.


Vocabulary for IELTS

ADJECTIVES

large-scale unemployment

high unemployment

low unemployment

huge unemployment

mass unemployment

massive unemployment

severe unemployment

youth unemployment

considerable unemployment

rural unemployment

widespread unemployment

urban unemployment

rising unemployment

seasonal unemployment

falling unemployment

long-term unemployment

short-term unemployment

permanent unemployment

temporary unemployment

school-leaver unemployment

graduate unemployment


VERBS

to cause unemployment

tackle with unemployment

to resign / quit

to face unemployment

to fire / sack /dismiss

to bring down unemployment

to job-share

to keep down unemployment

to reduce unemployment

to want white-collar job

blue-collar job


NOUNS

unemployment figure

unemployment benefit

unemployment money

unemployment relief

unemployment compensation

unemployment cover

unemployment data

unemployment insurance

unemployment levels

unemployment crisis

unemployment percentage

unemployment rate

unemployment problem

unemployment statistics

to be a good team player

to acquire experience/knowledge/skill

to have no career ambitions

to put knowledge gained into practice

to take early retirement

to move up the career ladder

unemployed

overworked

employer

underpaid

self employed

occupation

career prospects

profession

salary / wages

working conditions

sick/annual leave

public sector

a heavy workload

less vacancy

overtime

increased education

shift

minimum wage

job prospects

less job requirements

unemployment benefits

promotion opportunities

private sector

flexible working hours

health and safety in the workplace

labor productivity

unemployment problem

company policies

a rise/an increase/a fall in unemployment

a period of unemployment

Crime and Punishment 8 Topics with Vocabulary

1. Some people believe that children that commit crimes should be punished. Others think the parents should be punished instead.

Discuss both views and give your own opinion.


2. Some people advocate death penalty for those who committed violent crimes. Others say that capital punishment is unacceptable in contemporary society.

Describe advantages and disadvantages of death penalty and give your opinion.



3. Without capital punishment, our lives are less secure, and crimes of violence increase. Capital punishment is essential to control violence in society.

How far do you agree or disagree?



4. Should criminals be sent to prison or should they do something else as a punishment?

Explain your opinion and give your reasons.



5. The most common solution for criminal behaviour is prison but many believe education is a better method.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?




6. Some people think that offenders should be put in prison. Others, however, believe that providing offenders with education and training is more effective than putting them in prison.

Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.


7. Many offenders commit more crimes after serving the first punishment.

Why is this happening, and what measures can be taken to tackle this problem?



8. The crime rate is becoming directly proportional to the instances and severity of punishments.

What are the underlying reasons behind such a trend?


Essay Vocabulary

1

Cause

Damages, pain, problems, accidents

Essay Sentence:

The tremendous rise in crime has resulted in numerous law and order issues.


2

Enhance

environment, performance, quality, value

Essay Sentence:

Performance-enhancing medications, which are illegal in many countries, are used by some athletes.


3

Lose

Hope, interest, job, opportunity, temper, chance, confidence

Essay Sentence:

After a long period of addiction, most addicts lose interest in life and commit suicide.


4

Limit

Ability, access, choice, growth, unemployment, use

Essay Sentence:

Parents can safeguard their children from cyber-abuse by limiting their access to the internet.


5

Provide

Education, teaching, training, accommodation, service, opportunity, platform

Essay Sentence:

A civilised society can not be formed until all of its members are completely safe from crime.


6

Raise

Child, concern, fund, possibility, awareness, price, problem, standard, voice

Essay Sentence:

In light of the current scenario, both government and non-government organisations must step forward to increase awareness of the problem of child labour, child abuse, and women's criminality.


7

Make

Arrangements, decisions, differences, mistakes, noise

Essay Sentence:

The development of a nation relies on a strong decision-making authority.

8

Criminal

activities, behaviour, penalty, record

Essay Sentence:

People who do not have enough money to make ends meet may be tempted to engage in criminal activities.


9

Effective

communication, interaction, means, methods, solutions

Essay Sentence:

The most common view is that imprisonment is the most effective solution to the problem of crime.

10

Moral

Education, duty, issues, value, responsibility, obligation, lessons

Essay Sentence:

Moral education, in my opinion, should become an integral part of modern education.

11

Rural

Area, community, development, economy, population, society

Essay Sentence:

The crime rate in metropolitan areas is higher than in rural areas.


Vocabulary for IELTS

ADJECTIVES

minor crime

awful crime

serious crime

cyber crime

dreadful crime

violent crime

corporate crime

major crime

motiveless crime

organised crime

white-collar crime


NOUNS

drug smuggling

texting while driving

pick pocketing

hijacking

kidnapping

speeding

blackmailing

hacking

law-abiding

drink driving

phishing

burglary

robbery

mugging

theft

terrorism

corruption

abduction

fraud/scam

murder

attempted murder

crime wave

crime statistics

crime rate

crime prevention

victim

criminality

convict

reformed criminals

imprisonment

unlawful actions

a life of crime

Illegal activities

capital punishment

corporal punishment

social isolation

the strict letter of the law

the full weight of the law


VERBS

to charge fine

to commit a crime

to carry out crime

to punish

to repeat crimes

to break the law

to lock up

to take into custody

to put in prison

to serve a prison sentence

be driven to

to reduce crime

to tackle crime

to turn to crime/ drugs

to get released from jail

to be imprisoned

to dismiss the case

to be tough on crime

to control/cut crime

to release back into society

to get into crime